The Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH), the accrediting body for all schools and programs of public health, determined 22 competencies that must be demonstrated by all MPH graduates.
MPH Foundational Competencies (as prescribed by CEPH)
All MPH graduates demonstrate the following competencies. These competencies are informed by the traditional public health core knowledge areas, (biostatistics, epidemiology, social and behavioral sciences, health services administration and environmental health sciences), as well as cross-cutting and emerging public health areas.
1. Apply epidemiological methods to the breadth of settings and situations in public health practice
2. Select quantitative and qualitative data collection methods appropriate for a given public health context
3. Analyze quantitative and qualitative data using biostatistics, informatics, computer-based programming and software, as appropriate
4. Interpret results of data analysis for public health research, policy or practice
5. Compare the organization, structure and function of health care, public health and regulatory systems across national and international settings
6. Discuss the means by which structural bias, social inequities and racism undermine health and create challenges to achieving health equity at organizational, community and societal levels
7. Assess population needs, assets and capacities that affect communities’ health
8. Apply awareness of cultural values and practices to the design or implementation of public health policies or programs
9. Design a population-based policy, program, project or intervention
10. Explain basic principles and tools of budget and resource management
11. Select methods to evaluate public health programs
12. Discuss multiple dimensions of the policy-making process, including the roles of ethics and evidence
13. Propose strategies to identify stakeholders and build coalitions and partnerships for influencing public health outcomes
14. Advocate for political, social or economic policies and programs that will improve health in diverse populations
15. Evaluate policies for their impact on public health and health equity
16. Apply principles of leadership, governance and management, which include creating a vision, empowering others, fostering collaboration and guiding decision making
17. Apply negotiation and mediation skills to address organizational or community challenges
18. Select communication strategies for different audiences and sectors
19. Communicate audience-appropriate public health content, both in writing and through oral presentation
20. Describe the importance of cultural competence in communicating public health content
21. Perform effectively on interprofessional teams
22. Apply systems thinking tools to a public health issue
In addition to the above required foundational competencies, Dartmouth has developed 11 unique competencies for our MPH program to address knowledge and skills needed to improve population health and health care. These unique competencies fall under two categories: Making Sense of Health Care and Making Change in Health Care.
Making Sense of Health Care
1. Evaluate foundational assumptions and findings in public health and health care and recommend evidence-based alternatives.
2. Identify and evaluate the quality of evidence and potential sources of bias in research that threaten the integrity of conclusions, and recommend remedies to improve the integrity of evidence.
3. Analyze the causes, consequences, and policy implications of variation in health care utilization, outcomes, and spending.
4. Interpret and explain how analytic approaches from decision sciences and health economics are used to characterize key tradeoffs in decision making under conditions of uncertainty.
5. Assess the financial health of organizations, programs, or initiatives.
6. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the major payment systems and how they affect health care delivery, value, and equity.
7. Analyze the economic impact of public policy reforms on coverage, care delivery, and value.
Making Change in Health Care
8. Describe the ethical and policy rationale for incorporating shared decision-making in health care delivery settings.
9. Explain how partnership to achieve coproduction of health and healthcare services promotes quality, safety, equity, and value.
10. Compare/contrast systematic approaches to improve the quality, safety, equity, and value and to transform health and healthcare.
11. Apply knowledge of performance and improvement measurement over time to inform health and healthcare systems.