Mortality versus Municipal and State Government Spending in American Cities.
2021 Mar 24;doi: 10.1007/s11524-021-00516-3
The USA leads the world in healthcare spending but trails dozens of countries in life expectancy. Government spending may reduce overall mortality by redistributing resources from the rich to the poor. We linked mortality data from 2006 to 2015 to municipal and state government spending in 149 of the largest American cities. We modeled the association of mortality with city and state government spending per capita in 2005 using weighted linear regression. A 10% increase in state government expenditures was associated (P = 0.008) with a 1.4% (95%CI: 0.4-2.4%) reduction in mortality in American cities. Total city government expenditures were not associated with mortality (P > 0.10). However, among Whites, increases in city government spending were associated with a reduction in mortality of 4.8% (2.1-7.5%), but among Blacks and Asians, increased city government spending was associated with respective mortality increases of 1.7% (0.6-2.9%) and 5.1% (2.1-6.2%). State government spending is associated with reduced mortality in American cities. City government spending appears to benefit White longevity and hurt non-White longevity.
J Urban Health|2021 Mar 24