Take a deeper look into all the publications produced by researchers at The Dartmouth Institute.

Woloshin S, Kramer B

2021 Nov 19;375:n2854doi: 10.1136/bmj.n2854

BMJ|2021 Nov 19

Leyenaar JK, Harrison W, Truelove JJ, House S, Freed GL, Leslie LK

2021 Nov 17;doi: 10.12788/jhm.3720

In 2016, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) approved pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) as the newest pediatric subspecialty. To characterize development of the field, this article aims to: (1) describe the responsibilities and practice settings of US pediatricians self-identifying as hospitalists; and (2) determine how exclusive PHM practice, compared with PHM practice in combination with general or subspecialty care, was associated with professional development interests.

J Hosp Med|2021 Nov 17

Melmed GY, Oliver B, Hou JK, Lum D, Singh S, Crate D, Almario C, Bray H, Bresee C, Gerich M, Gerner D, Heagy E, Holthoff M, Hudesman D, McCutcheon Adams K, Mattar MC, Metwally M, Nelson E, Ostrov A, Rubin DT, Scott F, Samir S, van Deen W, Younes Z, Oberai R, Weaver A, Siegel CA, IBD Qorus.

2021 Nov 19;doi: 10.14309/ajg.0000000000001547

There is significant variation in processes and outcomes of care for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), suggesting opportunities to improve quality of care. We aimed to determine whether a structured quality of care program can improve IBD outcomes, including the need for unplanned health care utilization.

Am J Gastroenterol|2021 Nov 19

Nasir-Moin M, Suriawinata AA, Ren B, Liu X, Robertson DJ, Bagchi S, Tomita N, Wei JW, MacKenzie TA, Rees JR, Hassanpour S

2021 Nov 1;4(11):e2135271doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.35271

Colorectal polyps are common, and their histopathologic classification is used in the planning of follow-up surveillance. Substantial variation has been observed in pathologists' classification of colorectal polyps, and improved assessment by pathologists may be associated with reduced subsequent underuse and overuse of colonoscopy.

JAMA Netw Open|2021 Nov 1

Leyenaar JK, Freyleue SD, Bordogna A, Wong C, Penwill N, Bode R

2021 Nov 18;doi: 10.1001/jama.2021.18377

JAMA|2021 Nov 18

Wanken ZJ, Barnes JA, Eid MA, Rode JB, Bessen SY, Anderson PB, Gifford ED, Goodney PP

2021 Nov 12;pii: S0890-5096(21)00836-0. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2021.09.053

Social media platforms, especially Twitter, are increasingly utilized across medical practice, education, and research. However, little is known about differences in social media use among physicians of varying specialties and its impact on recruitment of trainees. Our objective was to describe differences in social media use among vascular interventional proceduralists at academic training institutions.

Ann Vasc Surg|2021 Nov 12

Juggan S, Ponnamreddy PK, JrRiley C, Dodge SE, Gilstrap LG, Zeitler EP

2021 Nov 10;pii: S1071-9164(21)00439-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2021.10.013

To perform meta-analyses comparing safety and effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in older versus younger patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).

J Card Fail|2021 Nov 10

Berger Z, Galasinski D, Scalia P, Dong K, Blunt HB, Elwyn G

2021 Oct 22;pii: S0738-3991(21)00681-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2021.10.026

Our aim was to use critical discourse analysis (CDA) to examine the most widely cited definitions of shared decision making so that we can evaluate how language is used to position participants. Based on our conceptual understanding, we presumed that shared decision making involves acts of communication where processes are collaborative.

Patient Educ Couns|2021 Oct 22

Batsis JA, Haudenschild C, Roth RM, Gooding TL, Roderka MN, Masterson T, Brand J, Lohman MC, Mackenzie TA

2020 Oct 21;pii: S1525-8610(20)30790-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2020.09.008

The prevalence of obesity with sarcopenia is increasing in adults aged ≥65 years. This geriatric syndrome places individuals at risk for synergistic complications that leads to long-term functional decline. We ascertained the relationship between sarcopenic obesity and incident long-term impaired global cognitive function in a representative US population.

J Am Med Dir Assoc|2020 Oct 21

Habfast-Robertson I, Hempel-Bruder C, Durand MA, Morin D, Remillard S, Nanchen D, Daeppen JB, Berlin I, Selby K

2021 Nov 10;17(758):1934-1938

Doctors learn different communication approaches for use during prevention consultations to promote healthy habits, so as to set up a partnership and to promote patient autonomy. Three of these approaches are shared decision making, when there is more than one reasonable choice, motivational interviewing, principally for behaviour change and therapeutic education, a pedagogical approach helping patients develop skills so that they may have a better management of their chronic illness. This article presents an overview of the commonalities and the differences between these approaches, often considered separately, nevertheless they are complementary and in practice, using elements of all three during a consultation could improve preventative care.

Rev Med Suisse|2021 Nov 10


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