Take a deeper look into all the publications produced by researchers at The Dartmouth Institute.

Franklin PD, Lurie J, Tosteson TD, Tosteson ANA, Task Force on Musculoskeletal Registries.

2020 Jun 25;doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.01464

J Bone Joint Surg Am|2020 Jun 25

Levy JJ, O'Malley AJ

2020 Jun 29;20(1):171doi: 10.1186/s12874-020-01046-3

Machine learning approaches have become increasingly popular modeling techniques, relying on data-driven heuristics to arrive at its solutions. Recent comparisons between these algorithms and traditional statistical modeling techniques have largely ignored the superiority gained by the former approaches due to involvement of model-building search algorithms. This has led to alignment of statistical and machine learning approaches with different types of problems and the under-development of procedures that combine their attributes. In this context, we hoped to understand the domains of applicability for each approach and to identify areas where a marriage between the two approaches is warranted. We then sought to develop a hybrid statistical-machine learning procedure with the best attributes of each.

BMC Med Res Methodol|2020 Jun 29

Lonhart JA, Edwards AR, Agarwal S, Lucas BP, Schroeder AR

2020 Jun 26;pii: S0022-3476(20)30761-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.06.058

To determine the average reported consent rate for published pediatric randomized controlled trials and whether this rate varies by trial characteristics.

J Pediatr|2020 Jun 26

Kennedy MA, Pepin R, Stevens CJ, Bartels SJ, Batsis JA, Beyea A, Bruce ML, Eckhaus JM, Korsen N, Pidgeon DM, Powell KE, Reynolds CF 3rd, LaMantia MA

2020 Jun 22;:890117120934622doi: 10.1177/0890117120934622

Rural communities need access to effective interventions that can prevent functional decline among a growing population of older adults. We describe the conceptual framework and rationale for a multicomponent intervention ("Mind, Mood, Mobility") delivered by Area Agency on Aging staff for rural older adults at risk for functional decline due to early impairments in cognition, mood, or mobility. Our proposed model utilizes primary care to identify at-risk older adults, combines evidence-based interventions that address multiple risk factors simultaneously, and leverages a community-based aging services workforce for intervention delivery.

Am J Health Promot|2020 Jun 22

Green C, Leyenaar JK, Turner AL, Leslie LK

2020 Jun 19;pii: e20192884. doi: 10.1542/peds.2019-2884

There is an urgent need to prepare pediatricians to care for children with behavioral and mental health (B/MH) conditions. In this study, we evaluate the perceived competence of pediatric residents and recent graduates in the assessment and treatment of B/MH conditions, characterize variation in competence across residency programs, and identify program characteristics associated with high competence.

Pediatrics|2020 Jun 19

Martens AM, Leyenaar JK, Mallory LA

2020 Jun 16;pii: S1876-2859(20)30250-3. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2020.06.010

Acad Pediatr|2020 Jun 16

Gerling MC, Bortz C, Pierce KE, Lurie JD, Zhao W, Passias PG

2020 Jun 11;doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.00596

Although epidural steroid injection (ESI) may provide pain relief for patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis in treatment regimens of up to 4 months, it remains unclear whether ESI affects crossover from nonoperative to operative management.

J Bone Joint Surg Am|2020 Jun 11

Butteris SM, Leyenaar JK, Leslie LK, Turner AL, Batra M, Global Health Task Force of the American Board of Pediatrics.

2020 Jun 14;pii: S0022-3476(20)30727-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.06.026

To determine if international experience is associated with greater comfort in providing care to U.S. children who are immigrants, refugees, and traveling internationally.

J Pediatr|2020 Jun 14

Petersen CL, Halter R, Kotz D, Loeb L, Cook S, Pidgeon D, Christensen BC, Batsis JA

2020 Jun 14;doi: 10.2196/16862

Sarcopenia, defined as the age-associated loss of muscle mass and strength, can be effectively mitigated through resistance-based physical activity. With compliance at ~40% for home-based exercise prescriptions, implementing a remote-sensing system would help patients and clinicians understand treatment progress and increase compliance. Inclusion of end users in the development of mobile applications for remote sensing systems can ensure that they are both user-friendly and facilitate compliance. With advancements in natural-language processing (NLP) there is potential for these methods to be used with data collected through the user-centered design process.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth|2020 Jun 14

Bukini D, Mbekenga C, Nkya S, Purvis L, McCurdy S, Parker M, Makani J

2020 Jun 12;21(1):48doi: 10.1186/s12910-020-00488-0

Low literacy of study participants in Sub - Saharan Africa has been associated with poor comprehension during the consenting process in research participation. The concerns in comprehension are far greater when consenting to participate in genomic studies due to the complexity of the science involved. While efforts are made to explore possibilities of applying genomic technologies in diseases prevalent in Sub Saharan Africa, we ought to develop methods to improve participants' comprehension for genomic studies. The purpose of this study was to understand different approaches that can be used to seek consent from individuals with low literacy in Sub-Saharan African countries in genomic research to improve comprehension.

BMC Med Ethics|2020 Jun 12


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